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Color keyword values

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Widely known color names and web safe colors

Most browsers support 16 color keyword values. They can be regarded as standard colors in the Windows platform, because they base on 16 first color in the Windows color palette. However only half of them belong to web safe colors, which are common to Windows and Mac browsers. Instead of 256 standard VGA-palette, this palette has only 216 colors.

I have defined colors as hexadecimal values. All CSS-capable browsers should be able to render following colors if they have enough big color depth (I have marked web safe colors as + ... +):

#00FFFF - rgb(000, 255, 255) - + aqua +
#000000 - rgb(000, 000, 000) - + black +
#0000FF - rgb(000, 000, 255) - + blue +
#FF00FF - rgb(255, 000, 255) - + fuchsia +
#808080 - rgb(128, 128, 128) - gray
#008000 - rgb(000, 128, 000) - green
#00FF00 - rgb(000, 255, 000) - + lime +
#800000 - rgb(128, 000, 000) - maroon
#000080 - rgb(000, 000, 128) - navy
#808000 - rgb(128, 128, 000) - olive
#800080 - rgb(128, 000, 128) - purple
#FF0000 - rgb(255, 000, 000) - + red +
#C0C0C0 - rgb(192, 192, 192) - silver
#008080 - rgb(000, 128, 128) - teal
#FFFFFF - rgb(255, 255, 255) - + white +
#FFFF00 - rgb(255, 255, 000) - + yellow +

Netscape 140 named colors

Netscape 140 named colors. Colors, which are marked as *...* belong to those 16 widely supported color names, which don't belong to web safe colors. Colors, which are marked with +...+ means those widely supported color names, which belong to the web safe palette (other web safe colors are listed later). Color names, which don't have these marks are supported in Netscape browsers and newer Microsoft Internet Explorer browsers, but not in all versions of Opera (at least Opera 5.1x series supports them). All colors are defined as hexadecimal values in order that all CSS-capable browsers, which have enough big color depth could render these colors:

#F0F8FF - rgb(240, 248, 255) - aliceblue
#FAEBD7 - rgb(250, 235, 215) - antiquewhite
#00FFFF - rgb(000, 255, 255) - + aqua + (same as cyan)
#7FFFD4 - rgb(127, 255, 212) - aquamarine
#F0FFFF - rgb(240, 255, 255) - azure
#F5F5DC - rgb(245, 245, 220) - beige
#FFE4C4 - rgb(255, 228, 196) - bisque
#000000 - rgb(000, 000, 000) - + black +
#FFEBCD - rgb(255, 235, 205) - blanchedalmond
#0000FF - rgb(000, 000, 255) - + blue +
#8A2BE2 - rgb(138, 043, 226) - blueviolet
#A52A2A - rgb(165, 042, 042) - brown
#DEB887 - rgb(222, 184, 135) - burlywood
#5F9EA0 - rgb(095, 158, 160) - cadetblue
#7FFF00 - rgb(127, 255, 000) - chartreuse
#D2691E - rgb(210, 105, 030) - chocolate
#FF7F50 - rgb(255, 127, 080) - coral
#6495ED - rgb(100, 149, 237) - cornflowerblue
#FFF8DC - rgb(255, 248, 220) - cornsilk
#DC143C - rgb(220, 020, 060) - crimson
#00FFFF - rgb(000, 255, 255) - cyan (same as + aqua +)
#00008B - rgb(000, 000, 139) - darkblue
#008B8B - rgb(000, 139, 139) - darkcyan
#B8860B - rgb(184, 134, 011) - darkgoldenrod
#A9A9A9 - rgb(169, 169, 169) - darkgray
#006400 - rgb(000, 100, 000) - darkgreen
#BDB76B - rgb(189, 183, 107) - darkkhaki
#8B008B - rgb(139, 000, 139) - darkmagenta
#556B2F - rgb(085, 107, 047) - darkolivegreen
#FF8C00 - rgb(255, 140, 000) - darkorange
#9932CC - rgb(153, 050, 204) - darkorchid
#8B0000 - rgb(139, 000, 000) - darkred
#E9967A - rgb(233, 150, 122) - darksalmon
#8FBC8F - rgb(143, 188, 143) - darkseagreen
#483D8B - rgb(072, 061, 139) - darkslateblue
#2F4F4F - rgb(047, 079, 079) - darkslategray
#00CED1 - rgb(000, 206, 209) - darkturquoise
#9400D3 - rgb(148, 000, 211) - darkviolet
#FF1493 - rgb(255, 020, 147) - deeppink
#00BFBF - rgb(000, 191, 255) - deepskyblue
#696969 - rgb(105, 105, 105) - dimgray
#1E90FF - rgb(030, 144, 255) - dodgerblue
#B22222 - rgb(178, 034, 034) - firebrick
#FFFAF0 - rgb(255, 250, 240) - floralwhite
#228B22 - rgb(034, 139, 034) - forestgreen
#FF00FF - rgb(255, 000, 255) - + fuchsia + (same as magenta)
#DCDCDC - rgb(220, 220, 220) - gainsboro
#F8F8FF - rgb(248, 248, 255) - ghostwhite
#FFD700 - rgb(255, 215, 000) - gold
#DAA520 - rgb(218, 165, 032) - goldenrod
#808080 - rgb(128, 128, 128) - * gray *
#008000 - rgb(000, 128, 000) - * green *
#ADFF2F - rgb(173, 255, 047) - greenyellow
#F0FFF0 - rgb(240, 255, 240) - honeydew
#FF69B4 - rgb(255, 105, 180) - hotpink
#CD5C5C - rgb(205, 092, 092) - indianred
#4B0082 - rgb(075, 000, 130) - indigo
#FFFFF0 - rgb(255, 255, 240) - ivory
#F0E68C - rgb(240, 230, 140) - khaki
#E6E6FA - rgb(230, 230, 250) - lavender
#FFF0F5 - rgb(255, 240, 245) - lavenderblush
#7CFC00 - rgb(124, 252, 000) - lawngreen
#FFFACD - rgb(255, 250, 205) - lemonchiffon
#ADD8E6 - rgb(173, 216, 230) - lightblue
#F08080 - rgb(240, 128, 128) - lightcoral
#E0FFFF - rgb(224, 255, 255) - lightcyan
#FAFAD2 - rgb(250, 250, 210) - lightgoldenrodyellow
#90EE90 - rgb(144, 238, 144) - lightgreen
#D3D3D3 - rgb(211, 211, 211) - lightgrey
#FFB6C1 - rgb(255, 182, 193) - lightpink
#FFA07A - rgb(255, 160, 122) - lightsalmon
#20B2AA - rgb(032, 178, 170) - lightseagreen
#87CEFA - rgb(135, 206, 250) - lightskyblue
#778899 - rgb(119, 136, 153) - lightslategrey
#B0C4DE - rgb(176, 196, 222) - lightsteelblue
#FFFFE0 - rgb(255, 255, 224) - lightyellow
#00FF00 - rgb(000, 255, 000) - + lime +
#32CD32 - rgb(050, 205, 050) - limegreen
#FAF0E6 - rgb(250, 240, 230) - linen
#FF00FF - rgb(255, 000, 255) - magenta (same as + fuschia +)
#800000 - rgb(128, 000, 000) - * maroon *
#66CDAA - rgb(102, 205, 170) - mediumaquamarine
#0000CD - rgb(000, 000, 205) - mediumblue
#BA55D3 - rgb(186, 085, 211) - mediumorchid
#9370DB - rgb(147, 112, 219) - mediumpurple
#3CB371 - rgb(060, 179, 113) - mediumseagreen
#7B68EE - rgb(123, 104, 238) - mediumslateblue
#00FA9A - rgb(000, 250, 154) - mediumspringgreen
#48D1CC - rgb(072, 209, 204) - mediumturquoise
#C71585 - rgb(199, 021, 133) - mediumvioletred
#191970 - rgb(025, 025, 112) - midnightblue
#F5FFFA - rgb(245, 255, 250) - mintcream
#FFE4E1 - rgb(255, 228, 225) - mistyrose
#FFE4B5 - rgb(255, 228, 181) - moccasin
#FFDEAD - rgb(255, 222, 173) - navajowhite
#000080 - rgb(000, 000, 128) - * navy *
#FDF5E6 - rgb(253, 245, 230) - oldlace
#808000 - rgb(128, 128, 000) - * olive *
#6B8E23 - rgb(107, 142, 035) - olivedrab
#FFA500 - rgb(255, 165, 000) - orange
#FF4500 - rgb(255, 069, 000) - orangered
#DA70D6 - rgb(218, 112, 214) - orchid
#EEE8AA - rgb(238, 232, 170) - palegoldenrod
#98FB98 - rgb(152, 251, 152) - palegreen
#AFEEEE - rgb(175, 238, 238) - paleturquoise
#DB7093 - rgb(219, 112, 147) - palevioletred
#FFEFD5 - rgb(255, 239, 213) - papayawhip
#FFDAB9 - rgb(255, 218, 185) - peachpuff
#CD853F - rgb(205, 133, 063) - peru
#FFC0CB - rgb(255, 192, 203) - pink
#DDA0DD - rgb(221, 160, 221) - plum
#B0E0E6 - rgb(176, 224, 230) - powderblue
#800080 - rgb(128, 000, 128) - * purple *
#FF0000 - rgb(255, 000, 000) - + red +
#BC8F8F - rgb(188, 143, 143) - rosybrown
#4169E1 - rgb(065, 105, 225) - royalblue
#8B4513 - rgb(139, 069, 019) - saddlebrown
#FA8072 - rgb(250, 128, 114) - salmon
#F4A460 - rgb(244, 164, 096) - sandybrown
#2E8B57 - rgb(046, 139, 087) - seagreen
#FFF5EE - rgb(255, 245, 238) - seashell
#A0522D - rgb(160, 082, 045) - sienna
#C0C0C0 - rgb(192, 192, 192) - * silver *
#87CEEB - rgb(135, 206, 235) - skyblue
#6A5ACD - rgb(106, 090, 205) - slateblue
#708090 - rgb(112, 128, 144) - slategray
#FFFAFA - rgb(255, 250, 250) - snow
#00FF7F - rgb(000, 255, 127) - springgreen
#4682B4 - rgb(070, 130, 180) - steelblue
#D2B48C - rgb(210, 180, 140) - tan
#008080 - rgb(000, 128, 128) - * teal *
#D8BFD8 - rgb(216, 191, 216) - thistle
#FF6347 - rgb(255, 099, 071) - tomato
#40E0D0 - rgb(064, 224, 208) - turquoise
#EE82EE - rgb(238, 130, 238) - violet
#F5DEB3 - rgb(245, 222, 179) - wheat
#FFFFFF - rgb(255, 255, 255) - + white +
#F5F5F5 - rgb(245, 245, 245) - whitesmoke
#FFFF00 - rgb(255, 255, 000) - + yellow +
#9ACD32 - rgb(154, 205, 050) - yellowgreen

I recommend that you would not non-web-safe named colors except in the Intranet. Use instead of them nearest web safe colors. For example use instead of darkorchid (#9932CC - rgb(153, 050, 204)) the nearest corresponding web safe color values (#9933CC - rgb(153, 051, 204); in CSS also the shortened format #93C is valid).

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Repeated color names

Some color values have two names and they are at that mean listed twice in the 140 color name list. Aqua and cyan are same colors (rgb(000, 255, 255)) like fuchsia and magenta (rgb(255, 000, 255)). Use rather aqua and fuchsia than cyan or magenta. The 140 colors might have other double colors.

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A chart of web safe colors

Web safe colors use RGB-values (00)0, (0)51, 102, 153, 204 and 255. Corresponding percentage values are 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% and corresponding hexadecimal values are combinations of 00, 33, 66, 99, CC and FF (for example #003366). I tried to create also a list of those 40 colors, which in Windows 95 or 98 don't belong to web safe colors, but I don't get the necessary information.

I have defined colors as hexadecimal values with HTML elements and attributes. Colors are classified according to the RGB-values with three digits. In this case they are listed first. I have also added possible named colors (colors, which are marked as +...+ belong to 16 common used color names). Almost all browsers should be able to render following colors:

rgb(000, 000, 000) - #000000 - + black +
rgb(000, 000, 051) - #000033
rgb(000, 000, 102) - #000066
rgb(000, 000, 153) - #000099
rgb(000, 000, 204) - #0000CC
rgb(000, 000, 255) - #0000FF - + blue +
rgb(000, 051, 000) - #003300
rgb(000, 051, 051) - #003333
rgb(000, 051, 102) - #003366
rgb(000, 051, 153) - #003399
rgb(000, 051, 204) - #0033CC
rgb(000, 051, 255) - #0033FF
rgb(000, 102, 000) - #006600
rgb(000, 102, 051) - #006633
rgb(000, 102, 102) - #006666
rgb(000, 102, 153) - #006699
rgb(000, 102, 204) - #0066CC
rgb(000, 102, 255) - #0066FF
rgb(000, 153, 000) - #009900
rgb(000, 153, 051) - #009933
rgb(000, 153, 102) - #009966
rgb(000, 153, 153) - #009999
rgb(000, 153, 204) - #0099CC
rgb(000, 153, 255) - #0099FF
rgb(000, 204, 000) - #00CC00
rgb(000, 204, 051) - #00CC33
rgb(000, 204, 102) - #00CC66
rgb(000, 204, 153) - #00CC99
rgb(000, 204, 204) - #00CCCC
rgb(000, 204, 255) - #00CCFF
rgb(000, 255, 000) - #00FF00 - + lime +
rgb(000, 255, 051) - #00FF33
rgb(000, 255, 102) - #00FF66
rgb(000, 255, 153) - #00FF99
rgb(000, 255, 204) - #00FFCC
rgb(000, 255, 255) - #00FFFF - + aqua + (same as cyan)
rgb(051, 000, 000) - #330000
rgb(051, 000, 051) - #330033
rgb(051, 000, 102) - #330066
rgb(051, 000, 153) - #330099
rgb(051, 000, 204) - #3300CC
rgb(051, 000, 255) - #3300FF
rgb(051, 051, 000) - #333300
rgb(051, 051, 051) - #333333
rgb(051, 051, 102) - #333366
rgb(051, 051, 153) - #333399
rgb(051, 051, 204) - #3333CC
rgb(051, 051, 255) - #3333FF
rgb(051, 102, 000) - #336600
rgb(051, 102, 051) - #336633
rgb(051, 102, 102) - #336666
rgb(051, 102, 153) - #336699
rgb(051, 102, 204) - #3366CC
rgb(051, 102, 255) - #3366FF
rgb(051, 153, 000) - #339900
rgb(051, 153, 051) - #339933
rgb(051, 153, 102) - #339966
rgb(051, 153, 153) - #339999
rgb(051, 153, 204) - #3399CC
rgb(051, 153, 255) - #3399FF
rgb(051, 204, 000) - #33CC00
rgb(051, 204, 051) - #33CC33
rgb(051, 204, 102) - #33CC66
rgb(051, 204, 153) - #33CC99
rgb(051, 204, 204) - #33CCCC
rgb(051, 204, 255) - #33CCFF
rgb(051, 255, 000) - #33FF00
rgb(051, 255, 051) - #33FF33
rgb(051, 255, 102) - #33FF66
rgb(051, 255, 153) - #33FF99
rgb(051, 255, 204) - #33FFCC
rgb(051, 255, 255) - #33FFFF
rgb(102, 000, 000) - #660000
rgb(102, 000, 051) - #660033
rgb(102, 000, 102) - #660066
rgb(102, 000, 153) - #660099
rgb(102, 000, 204) - #6600CC
rgb(102, 000, 255) - #6600FF
rgb(102, 051, 000) - #663300
rgb(102, 051, 051) - #663333
rgb(102, 051, 102) - #663366
rgb(102, 051, 153) - #663399
rgb(102, 051, 204) - #6633CC
rgb(102, 051, 255) - #6633FF
rgb(102, 102, 000) - #666600
rgb(102, 102, 051) - #666633
rgb(102, 102, 102) - #666666
rgb(102, 102, 153) - #666699
rgb(102, 102, 204) - #6666CC
rgb(102, 102, 255) - #6666FF
rgb(102, 153, 000) - #669900
rgb(102, 153, 051) - #669933
rgb(102, 153, 102) - #669966
rgb(102, 153, 153) - #669999
rgb(102, 153, 204) - #6699CC
rgb(102, 153, 255) - #6699FF
rgb(102, 204, 000) - #66CC00
rgb(102, 204, 051) - #66CC33
rgb(102, 204, 102) - #66CC66
rgb(102, 204, 153) - #66CC99
rgb(102, 204, 204) - #66CCCC
rgb(102, 204, 255) - #66CCFF
rgb(102, 255, 000) - #66FF00
rgb(102, 255, 051) - #66FF33
rgb(102, 255, 102) - #66FF66
rgb(102, 255, 153) - #66FF99
rgb(102, 255, 204) - #66FFCC
rgb(102, 255, 255) - #66FFFF
rgb(153, 000, 000) - #990000
rgb(153, 000, 051) - #990033
rgb(153, 000, 102) - #990066
rgb(153, 000, 153) - #990099
rgb(153, 000, 204) - #9900CC
rgb(153, 000, 255) - #9900FF
rgb(153, 051, 000) - #993300
rgb(153, 051, 051) - #993333
rgb(153, 051, 102) - #993366
rgb(153, 051, 153) - #993399
rgb(153, 051, 204) - #9933CC
rgb(153, 051, 255) - #9933FF
rgb(153, 102, 000) - #996600
rgb(153, 102, 051) - #996633
rgb(153, 102, 102) - #996666
rgb(153, 102, 153) - #996699
rgb(153, 102, 204) - #9966CC
rgb(153, 102, 255) - #9966FF
rgb(153, 153, 000) - #999900
rgb(153, 153, 051) - #999933
rgb(153, 153, 102) - #999966
rgb(153, 153, 153) - #999999
rgb(153, 153, 204) - #9999CC
rgb(153, 153, 255) - #9999FF
rgb(153, 204, 000) - #99CC00
rgb(153, 204, 051) - #99CC33
rgb(153, 204, 102) - #99CC66
rgb(153, 204, 153) - #99CC99
rgb(153, 204, 204) - #99CCCC
rgb(153, 204, 255) - #99CCFF
rgb(153, 255, 000) - #99FF00
rgb(153, 255, 051) - #99FF33
rgb(153, 255, 102) - #99FF66
rgb(153, 255, 153) - #99FF99
rgb(153, 255, 206) - #99FFCC
rgb(153, 255, 255) - #99FFFF
rgb(204, 000, 000) - #CC0000
rgb(204, 000, 051) - #CC0033
rgb(204, 000, 102) - #CC0066
rgb(204, 000, 153) - #CC0099
rgb(204, 000, 204) - #CC00CC
rgb(204, 000, 255) - #CC00FF
rgb(204, 051, 000) - #CC3300
rgb(204, 051, 102) - #CC3333
rgb(204, 051, 152) - #CC3366
rgb(204, 051, 153) - #CC3399
rgb(204, 051, 204) - #CC33CC
rgb(204, 051, 255) - #CC33FF
rgb(204, 102, 000) - #CC6600
rgb(204, 102, 051) - #CC6633
rgb(204, 102, 102) - #CC6666
rgb(204, 102, 153) - #CC6699
rgb(204, 102, 204) - #CC66CC
rgb(204, 102, 255) - #CC66FF
rgb(204, 153, 000) - #CC9900
rgb(204, 153, 051) - #CC9933
rgb(204, 153, 102) - #CC9966
rgb(204, 153, 153) - #CC9999
rgb(204, 153, 204) - #CC99CC
rgb(204, 153, 255) - #CC99FF
rgb(204, 204, 000) - #CCCC00
rgb(204, 204, 051) - #CCCC33
rgb(204, 204, 102) - #CCCC66
rgb(204, 204, 153) - #CCCC99
rgb(204, 204, 204) - #CCCCCC
rgb(204, 204, 255) - #CCCCFF
rgb(204, 255, 000) - #CCFF00
rgb(204, 255, 051) - #CCFF33
rgb(204, 255, 102) - #CCFF66
rgb(204, 255, 153) - #CCFF99
rgb(204, 255, 204) - #CCFFCC
rgb(204, 255, 255) - #CCFFFF
rgb(255, 000, 000) - #FF0000 - + red +
rgb(255, 000, 051) - #FF0033
rgb(255, 000, 102) - #FF0066
rgb(255, 000, 153) - #FF0099
rgb(255, 000, 204) - #FF00CC
rgb(255, 000, 255) - #FF00FF - + fuchsia + (same as magenta)
rgb(255, 051, 000) - #FF3300
rgb(255, 051, 051) - #FF3333
rgb(255, 051, 102) - #FF3366
rgb(255, 051, 153) - #FF3399
rgb(255, 051, 204) - #FF33CC
rgb(255, 051, 255) - #FF33FF
rgb(255, 102, 000) - #FF6600
rgb(255, 102, 051) - #FF6633
rgb(255, 102, 102) - #FF6666
rgb(255, 102, 153) - #FF6699
rgb(255, 102, 204) - #FF66CC
rgb(255, 102, 255) - #FF66FF
rgb(255, 153, 000) - #FF9900
rgb(255, 153, 051) - #FF9933
rgb(255, 153, 102) - #FF9966
rgb(255, 153, 153) - #FF9999
rgb(255, 153, 204) - #FF99CC
rgb(255, 153, 255) - #FF99FF
rgb(255, 204, 000) - #FFCC00
rgb(255, 204, 051) - #FFCC33
rgb(255, 204, 102) - #FFCC66
rgb(255, 204, 153) - #FFCC99
rgb(255, 204, 204) - #FFCCCC
rgb(255, 204, 255) - #FFCCFF
rgb(255, 255, 000) - #FFFF00 - + yellow +
rgb(255, 255, 051) - #FFFF33
rgb(255, 255, 102) - #FFFF66
rgb(255, 255, 153) - #FFFF99
rgb(255, 255, 204) - #FFFFCC
rgb(255, 255, 255) - #FFFFFF- + white +
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Non-web-safe colors in the Windows palette

In addition to RGB-values (00)0 (0%) and 255 (100%), the Windows 256 palette use also RGB-values 128 (50%) and 192 (75%), which are as hexadecimal values 80 and C0 (for example #808000). At least following colors in the windows 16 colors palette are not web safe colors (I can't however inform, what are those other 32 colors in the Windows 256 colors palette, which are not web safe colors):

#000080 - rgb(000, 000, 128) - * navy *
#008000 - rgb(000, 128, 000) - * green *
#008080 - rgb(000, 128, 128) - * teal *
#800000 - rgb(128, 000, 000) - * maroon *
#800080 - rgb(128, 000, 128) - * purple *
#808000 - rgb(128, 128, 000) - * olive *
#808080 - rgb(128, 128, 128) - * gray *
#C0C0C0 - rgb(192, 192, 192) - * silver *

Other pages

Zoran.net lists 140 named colors with their NAMES (can be referenced in web-pages by those names), HEX values, RGB values and absolute rgb values. It lists names however separate (for example it lists the first color alice blue, but I have listed color names together aliceblue). You can find more information about named colors and web safe colors from the Internet (when you search information about them, use search words web+safe+colors or named+colors).

Zoran.net.

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